Vanadium deficiency in human is very rare as it is needed in minute amount only.
Why is vanadium important?
Vanadium can be referred as element for blood-sugar associated mental and emotional problems. Vanadium is involved in glucose, cholesterol and bone metabolism.
It is needed in converting glucose to glycogen for storage. It also appears to make cell membranes more sensitive to insulin.
It initiates an increase in the contractile force of the heart. Vanadium also appears to be involved in the mineralisation of bone and teeth.
Who is at risk?
Workers near metal industries that emit vanadium containing dust are at risk of getting vanadium poisoning.
Interactions of vanadium with other minerals
Lithium inhibits the effects of vanadium. Chromium also affects vanadium action and vice versa.
What is the daily requirement of vanadium?
The daily requirement for an adult is 20 µg.
Source of vanadium
Vanadium can be found in black pepper, dill seed, aniseed, celery, seafood, fish, seaweeds, mushrooms, parsley, liver and oats.
High level of vanadium for a long time causes diarrhea, abdominal cramps and decreased level of vitamin C. Vanadium overdose also causes manic depression.
Vanadium toxicity will affect kidney and liver functions. Vanadium toxicity causes nausea, vomiting, albuminuria, haematuria, diarrhea and cough. Inhalation of vanadium dust causes nose bleeding, sore throat, pain in the chest, dyspnoea, bronchitis and pneumonia. Chronic vanadium toxicity causes tremor and neurological disorders.
Vanadium is used with chromium, manganese and zinc to treat hypoglycemia, mental and emotional disturbances. Increased vanadium intake is advisable to diabetics.